Notes

*@ 1513 @ Fig - Bavarian Violetta @ New to the Seattle area. Has done well for some local gardeners. A patented variety. Here is what is claimed by the German company that I think has patented the variety.
Probably the most frost resistant fig among the tasty figs
Frost resistant up to –20° Celsius for a few days (about –4° Fahrenheit) at a protected location with winter protection
Early ripening, possible in July
Fruit weight of up to 111 grams is possible
Very rich bearing; one fruit per leaf is normal
Two fruit per leaf is only possible on older plants with optimal nourishment
Very sweet and tasty fruit, rich in vitamins and minerals
Used as herbal medicine in former days
Can slenderise, promotes digestion
Can sensualise
Used as fresh fruit, in salads, for jams and in a variety of desserts
I had one fruit ripen for me in 2010. The winter of 2010-11 (+5F) killed this small tree to ground level. It came back in the summer of 2011. @ end

*@ 1505 @ Pine - Korean @ I grow Korean pine for the nuts and for landscaping effects. The nuts of Korean Pine are the most widely traded pinenuts in international commerce. The are 18% protein, 65% fat and 12% carbohydrate. The nut oil contains 11.5% of the unusual fatty acid pinolenic acid (cis–5–cis–9–cis–12 octadecatrienoic acid). Pinolenic acid is an isomer of gamma-linolenic acid (GLA). GLA is an ω-6 essential fatty acid (EFA) but pinolenic acid is not. Recent research has shown its potential use in weight loss by curbing the appetite.[1]. Pinolenic acid causes the triggering of two hunger suppressants—cholecystokinin and glucagon-like peptide-1. Pinolenic acid may have LDL-lowering properties by enhancing hepatic LDL uptake [2]. @ end

*@ 1497 @ Currant - Wilder @ A old variety of red currant. This description is taken from an 1917 publication [1].
"The story of the Wilder (red currant) as given us by the originator, E. Y. Teas of Irvington, Indiana (now, 1917, a resident of Eaton, Ohio), is as follows:
About 1876 I selected a few fine La Versaillaise currants and planted the seeds. At one year old I transplanted them and when they came into bearing I selected the plant with the finest fruit and propagated it as best I could. About 1880 I sold 100 plants to Chapin and Willard (as I remember the firm) naming the currant 'President Wilder' in honor of President Wilder of the American Pomological Society.
Mr. S. D. Willard the introducer said that the Wilder excelled all other red currants he had fruited "in productiveness, quality, color, and all essentials for an excellent market currant, and one for home use combined." @ end

*@ 1474 @ Raspberry - Fall Gold @ Elwyn W. Meader was a plant breeder for 18 years at the New Hampshire Agricultural Experiement Station, University of New Hampshire in Durham, New Hampshire. He developed the raspberry variety called Fall Gold. He crossed the selection of NH 56-1 raspberry with a second generation open-pollinated selection of the cross Taylor Raspberry and the species Rubus pungens var. oldhamii. Fall Gold was tested under the name NH 64-2 starting in 1964. The name was changed to Fall Gold when it was introduced in 1967.

Fall Gold produces both primocanes and floricanes, and it is considered an everbearing variety. It produces a fall crop on the top 1/3 of the canes and a second crop the following spring on the bottom 2/3 of the canes. This variety is noted for its winter hardiness, surviving to -25'F in areas like Alaska. This hardiness is inherited from the parent Rubus pungens var. oldhamii. @ end

*@ 1466 @ Black Currant - Crandall @ Ribes aureum var. villosum(formerly known as Ribes odoratum), or clove currant, is native to the central U. S. ‘Crandall’ is an old American clove currant variety that was first introduced in 1888. It is s selection from Kansas seed of a plant of wild currant which Mr. R. W. Crandall found near his farm. It is a thornless, loosely-branched, deciduous shrub that typically grows to 3-4’ tall, but may reach 7’ in height. It is grown both for its attractive ornamental features (flowers, fruit and foliage) and for its tasty, edible fruit. Fruit looks like black current (Ribes nigrum), but is larger and somewhat milder in flavor. Clove-scented, trumpet-shaped, yellow flowers bloom in spring.

I have seen reports on the web that this is a dioecious shrub that requires both male and female plants for fruit production, but I am not sure of that claim. It doesn't fit with my experience, or the experience of the late Ron Lombough. I have one Crandall planted among standard european black currants, and I get fruit every year on the Crandal... lots of fruit each year.

One thing I like about Crandall is the ripe fruit can be eaten fresh. @ end

*@ 1431 @ Grape - Okanogan Riesling @ From Super Glossary [1]:
This 'provenance unknown' grape is reported by some to be a cold-hardy native American labrusca hybrid. Alternatively, Canadian viticulturists believe it to be a V. Berlandieri x V. Riparia cross variety (possibly an imported vine cultivar from the group known under the collective name of Uhudler) normally only used as rootstock: i.e Teleki 8 B developed by the Teleki Research Institute, Hungary. Has synonym name of Inkameep Riesling. Usually ripening around mid-September, it is currently found on small acreages in British Columbia, Canada, the N.W. USA and, possibly, in New Zealand. Known to have no relationship to the german Riesling V. vinifera variety. Berries reported to have a Muscat-like flavor, at around 18 deg. Brix sugar content, which can then degenerate into labrusca-style flavors if allowed to ripen much further. Can be used to produce a bland varietal white-wine best used for blending although some report varietal success with a short (up to 36 hour) skin contact during fermentation. @ end

*@ 1375 @ Oak - Dwarf Chinkapin Oak @ Dwarf Chinkapin Oak is also known as Scrub Chestnut Oak. Oikos Nursery says this in their catalog.
"Dwarf Chinkapin is an obscure oak found in scattered populations throughout the Midwest and Northeast. It is the only oak in this area that produces runners. It is not uncommon to see small 3-4 ft. trees loaded with acorns. Trees in our orchard have fruited when 2 ft. tall. Slow growing, but extremely drought tolerant. Our seed trees were produced using wild collected seed from Nebraska found in a wide open windswept area-perfect for dwarf chinkapin oak. Acorns ripen in August and sprout quickly. Because they ripen in clusters at the end of the branches birds take note and they often fly off with the crop. Especially attractive to turkey. Height from 6-15 ft. tall with equal width. Often multi-trunked. Non-hybrid true to type seedlings."

Plants for a Future say this:
"Seed - cooked. A sweet taste. The seed is up to 15mm long, it can be dried, ground into a powder and used as a thickening in stews etc or mixed with cereals for making bread." @ end

*@ 1327 @ Blackberry - Himalayan @ Rubus armeniacus is native to the Caucasus region of Eurasia, and was introduced to the Pacific NW of the United States in the late 1800s for cultivation. It is now a seriously invasive plant in the Seattle area.

This plant came with the property, planted decades ago by the birds. In the early 1950's, the land was a plant nursery, and when that was abandoned, the birds brought in blackberry seeds. The rest is history.

For all the damage this plant does, you really can't beat the flavor of a big bowl of sun-ripened blackberries in late summer. In my garden, the berries have an intense, spicy flavor. The smell they give off in the hot sun is so enticing. The leaves can be dried and used for tea.

It is difficult to grow good wine grapes in Seattle, but a carefully crafted dry blackberry wine can rival many red wines. A friend from Italy took a bottle home to share with his wife. He said they couldn't believe the wine was made from blackberries. I think my blackberry wine tastes like a Merlot. @ end

*@ 1307 @ Herb - Common Rosemary @ I find Rosemary to be a good bee plant.

Besides the obvious use in cooking, rosemary seems to have some medicial value. In rats, the essential oil of rosemary improved memory [1]. Rosemary oil is also antibacterial, antifungal, and a strong antioxidant. @ end

*@ 1279 @ Blueberry - Sunshine Blue @ Sunshine Blue is a Southern Highbush Blueberry. An open-pollinated seedling of Avonblue Blueberry. The male parent is Avonblue or Sharpblue. A release from blueberry expert Dr. Arthur Elliott of Earleton, Florida in 1979. The cultivar is recommended as an ornamental because of its outstanding Pink Flowers, twiggy branchlets and low stature at maturity. The fruits are numerous; small to medium in size with excellent flavor that Dr. Elliott loved.

Mature plant size is 3-4 feet tall and wide with an upright habit. Evergreen in its southern range, Sunshine Blue is also quite cold-hardy, successfully growing into USDA zone 6 (where it is semi-deciduous). This cultivar yields 5-9 pounds of sweet, medium-sized berries on a mature plant. Berries can be picked over a 3-5 week period. Sunshine Blue is also self-pollinating, though slightly higher yields (and larger berries) can be realized with cross-pollination from another cultivar. @ end

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