Notes

*@ 1278 @ Pear - Beurre Giffard @ Also called just Giffard Pear. Chance seedling discovered by Nicolas Giffard, Foussieres, France, 1825. Introduced to the U.S. about 1850. Flesh - white, tender, and juicy, with a sprightly, vinous flavor, and somewhat of a spicy perfume. The tree is remarkably distinct in its growth, wood, and foliage, - readily distinguished from all others. The young shoots are long and the bark is reddish-brown; the leaves small, with very long and slender leaf-stalks, and large stipules. Was recommended by U.P. Hedrick, author of Pears of New York, which was published in 1921.

These pears ripen early. These need to be picked when still green as they ripen from the inside out.

The medium to large fruits, up to 2½ inches long, ripen to yellow-green. They have red blushing and dots.

Considered a premium quality pear, this is very aromatic. It is recommended for dessert and eating fresh. The crisp textured flesh is very juicy, melting, and tender. It has a distinctive, rich flavor. The white flesh has yellow tinges. It is fine grained except at the center. @ end

*@ 1275 @ Oregon Grape - Common @ Evergreen. Purchased at the Edmonds Farmer's Market from Ian Bush of Bush's Nursery in Arlington, Washington.

Arthur Lee Jacobson says this: "The flowerbuds, flowers, tender young leaves and immature berries are also edible raw, tasting sour like sorrel. I prefer the flavor of the low-growing species. As for the berries, eating them while green and young is more pleasing to me than waiting until they turn blue, plump with purple juice. When fully ripe they are exceedingly sour and seedy. By squeezing the juice from enough berries I have made the world's most nutritious popsicles." [1]

The Oregon Grape berries are covered by a bloom, like wine grapes. The bloom seems to be a home to a wine yeast, according to experiments by blogger Jon Hamnett [2]. @ end

*@ 1205 @ Pear - Muskatelka Seda @ GRIN number: PI 282976
Developed in: Czech Republic
Sparse information available. Here is a few descriptions from taken from Czech nursery catalogs.

http://www.prodejstromku.cz/produkt/muskatelka-hrusen/
The old summer pear varieties with typical Muscat flavor and aroma
size: small, egg-shaped fruit
color: yellow-green, rough skin
flesh: sweet, aromatic with a distinctive Muscat flavor, peculiar good
harvest: the first half of August
suitable for direct consumption
Resistance to frost good
creates a larger, slightly overhanging crown
base: seedling

http://www.stareodrudy.org/ovocny-strom/muskatelka-seda/211.html
Muscatel gray - old Czech variety. Fruit small to medium. The flesh is very juicy, medium and reeled deliquescent, sweet taste with an excellent Muscat příchutí. Dozrává nestenoměrně, usually in early August and earlier. The tree grows vigorously, very zdravě. Patří to nejotužilejším varieties strupovitotí suffering. Suitable provyšší and colder areas. @ end

*@ 1189 @ Plum - Seneca @ Seneca is a very large plum. It is huge. And it tastes great, which is unusual for a large plum. The neighbor thought I was growing peaches when he saw these plums hanging on the tree.

Developed by Cornell’s New York State Ag Experiment Station plum breeding program at Geneva, NY. Seneca is the result of a cross made in 1937 between the plums Fellenberg (Italian Prune) and Prinlew (Italian Prune x Bradshaw). From a population of only two seedlings, Seneca was chosen for second test trial in 1949. It has been available for trial as NY981 and listed in the catalog of the New York State Fruit Testing Cooperative Association, Geneva, N. Y. since 1956. It was named Seneca in 1972.

Seneca requires a pollinator to get a good fruit set. Orablue Plum is an open pollinated seedling of Seneca. It shares the same characterisitcs of being a very large plum and needing a pollinator. @ end

*@ 1160 @ Strawberry - Albion @ Day neutral, released by University of California in 2006. A cross of Diamante x Cal 94.16-1. Resistant to verticillium wilt, Phytophthora crown rot, and relatively resistant to anthracnose crown rot.

All of the day-neutral varieties trace back to a wild strawberry found in the Wasatch Mountains of Utah by Dr. Royce Bringhurst of the University of California---Fragaria virginiana glauca. This wild plant was hybridized with cultivated strawberries to produce a plant known under the unexciting name of "Cal. 65.65-601". California breeders backcrossed "Cal. 65.65-601" to cultivated strawberries and obtained some day-neutral varieties, three of which were released in 1979: 'Aptos', 'Hecker' and 'Brighton'. In Maryland, breeders using the same "Cal. 65.65-601 produced some varieties that were disease resistant as well as day-neutral called 'Tribute' and 'Tristar'. @ end

*@ 1147 @ Barberry - Regels @ The Forest Farm Nursery catalog says the following.
"Of upright 2-4' stature for hedge or foundation, this shrub also offers yellow flowers followed by clusters of red fruits."

Also known as Berberis amurensis and Berberis vulgaris amurensis. Plants for a Future says the fruit is used for preserves.

Bulletin of popular information - Arnold Arboretum, number 33, October 25, 1912 says this:
"This large shrub has the habit of the common barberry, but the leaves are larger and of a rather paler shade of yellow, and the fruit is more brilliant; in the autumn the leaves turn orange and scarlet. This barberry was among the first of the Japanese shrubs brought to American gardens as it was cultivated at the Parsons' Nursery on Long Island fully fifty years ago (around 1860) and was then known as Berberis Hakodate." @ end

*@ 1142 @ Loquat - Banjo Lane seedling @ This is a seedling from loquat seeds sent from a friend in North Carolina. It has survived a 5'F freeze. What is a loquat? It is a small evergreen tree native to China and Japan, having fragrant white flowers and small yellow fruit with large seeds. The Loquat tree is unusual in that it blossoms in the fall or early winter, and fruits in early winter or spring. Its blossoms were used to make perfumes in the 1950s. The quality of the perfume was said to be outstanding, but the yield was low and not commercially viable. Like many pome members of the rose family, the seeds contain small amounts of cyanogenetic glycosides that smell like almond extract. This is also known as amygdalin or laetrile, also called B17, a controversial alternative medicine treatment for cancer, usually obtained from apricot pits. @ end

*@ 1078 @ Dogwood - Red-Osier @ Native dogwood planted often for the red twigs in winter. The flowers can be used for tea, and can be dried and stored for this purpose [1]. The tea is similar the jasmine blossoms tea. The fruit is bitter and tart, but was eaten by native tribes [2]. The berries were eaten one at a time as a "tonic", or pounded with other fruit, like chokecherries and juneberries, and then dried by the handful for later use. The seed contains an edible oil [3]. @ end

*@ 1061 @ Apple - Pigshon @ I posted the following discussion on the NAFEX listserv in 2004:
A friend moved to Seattle from Denmark a number of years ago. About 30 years ago he returned from a trip back home with some scionwwod. Although this apple came from a home orchard in Denmark, it is thought to originally be a French apple. It has red streaks over pink background with white flesh. The apples are small. The one I tasted was about 2 inches in diameter. It ripens in Seattle in early September. It has a nice balance of sugar and acid. It has a unique taste, possibly a cider apple. My Danish friend knows it as "Pigshon". I think this may be a corruption of "Pigeonnet" which is a class of apples grown in France. @ end

*@ 1038 @ Chestnut - Oikos Precocious Seedling @ In Feb 2008 I purchased a seedling tree called Precocius Chestnut (PRCH-1) from Oikos Nursery. It is no longer listed in their catalog. In response to my inquiry, Ken Asmus, the owner of Oikos Nursery, sent back this response.
"At my plantings, I would find a few plants that produced nuts at a very young age sometimes when only 1-2 ft. tall. These were planted out and watched. Some are too weak to grow and die. Those that survived I collected seed from and grew the trees. These were mostly hybrids of Castanea dentate x mollisima x sativa. These are all mixed hybrids from the seedlings. The only other type we have is the chinquapin hybrid which is a mix of pumila and mollissima." @ end

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